Completed in the 10th century BCE, it was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. The reconstructed temple in Jerusalem, which stood between 516 BCE and 70 CE, was the Second Temple. The Third Temple, if built, would signal to many the precursor to the apocalypse 2012.
Jerusalem became the political and spiritual center of the ancient Hebrews. King David was instructed by God not to build the Temple, leaving the task to his son Solomon.
These sacred vessels were, at the end of the Babylonian Captivity, restored to the Jews by Cyrus in 538 BCE (Ezra 1:7-11).
The Temple is believed to have been situated upon the hill which forms the site of the present-day Temple Mount, in the center of which area is the Dome of the Rock.
There are two sources of archaeological artifacts claimed by some relevant to Solomon's temple. The first come from remains taken from refuse from an extensive construction project performed on the Temple Mount by the Islamic waqf in November of 1999.
It is not, however, clear whether these remains contain evidence of a Temple structure from this period. The second, which also does not confirm the existence of the temple, was discovered in the summer of 2007, as archeologists overseeing construction at the site reported “evidence of human activity” most likely belonging to the first temple period. In January 2008 Israeli archaeologist Eilat Mazar publicized the Shelomit seal; however, no evidence has yet been presented that would link the seal's "Shelomit" with the biblical "Shelomit."
The rock in the center of the dome is believed by Muslims to be the spot from which Prophet Muhammad ascended to God in heaven, accompanied by the angel Gabriel.
The Dome of the Rock is a notable Islamic mosque in what Muslims call the al-Aqsa Mosque Noble Sanctuary — which Jews and Christians call the Temple Mount — it remains one of the best known landmarks of Jerusalem. al-Malik. For centuries, European travelers have called it the Mosque of Umar.
In Judaism the stone is the site where Abraham fulfilled God's test to see if he would be willing to sacrifice his son Isaac. The Knights Templar, who believed the Dome of the Rock to be near the
ruins of the Temple of Solomon, made their headquarters in the Al-Aqsa Mosque adjacent to the Dome for much of the 12th century.
Which would spark an apocalyptic war. Groups such as the Temple Mount and Eretz Yisrael Faithful Movement wish to relocate the Dome to Mecca and replace it with a Third Temple. The Temple Mount and Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel) Faithful Movement is an Orthodox Jewish movement based in Israel that wishes to establish a Third Jewish Temple in Jerusalem and re-institute the practice of ritual sacrifice. It was founded by former Israel Defence Forces officer and Middle Eastern Studies lecturer Gershon Salomon.
Members of the movement are referred to as the "Temple Mount Faithful" The Temple Mount Faithful propose the Mosque on this site be moved to the Muslim holy city of Mecca to facilitate the construction of a new Temple. The movement has been forbidden to ascend on the Temple Mount on a number of occasions out of fear they would spark war with the Muslims.
If concrete evidence is found that the Temple does exist under the Dome of The Rock, this would undoubtly spark apocalytic size fighting between Muslims and Jews as the Orthodox proceed to fulfill prophecy and rebuild the Third Temple and the Muslims protect ther sacred site to the death.